The pear cuts origins trace back to 1458, created by Flemish polisher Lodewyk van Berquem. Van Berquem was the diamond cutter who was responsible for the concept of symmetry and placement of facets in popular cuts. When van Berquem first introduced the pear shape, it was not much of a success due the amount of rough stone lost during the cutting process leading it to be a costly cut.
Some modifications have been made to the pear with the modern pear shape coming into being in the 1900s. Today pear shaped stones have up to 58 facets with as many as 8 pavilion facets on each stone. All these surfaces allow pear shaped stones to reflect surrounding light beautifully. This is why pear shaped diamond always seems to sparkle just a little bit more than its counterparts.